Category Archives: Technology

Smart Boards gave birth to Smart Classes

Smart Boards gave birth to Smart Classes

The sensible Board (stylized as “SMART Board”) may be a line of interactive whiteboards made by the Calgary, Alberta-based company sensible Technologies.

David Martin began sensible company in 1987 because the Canadian distributor for a U.S. projector company. The revenue it collected from the projectors was place into analysis and development on the sensible board interactive whiteboard, that was the primary interactive whiteboard to supply bit management of pc applications and also the ability to write down over normal Microsoft Windows applications. The sensible Board is associate degree interactive whiteboard that uses bit detection for user input within the same means as traditional computer input devices. The sensible Board 800 series interactive whiteboard introduced a flick and scroll feature.

Smart Boards gave birth to Smart Classes

In Gregorian calendar month 2010, sensible introduced the lower-cost sensible Board four hundred series interactive whiteboard.The sensible Board interactive whiteboard operates as a part of a system that has the interactive whiteboard, a computer, a projector and whiteboarding software package – either sensible Notebook cooperative learning software package for education, or sensible Meeting professional software package for business. The elements square measure connected wirelessly or via USB or serial cables. A projector connected to the pc displays the desktop image on the interactive whiteboard. The whiteboard accepts bit input from a finger, pen or alternative solid object. sensible Board interactive whiteboards also are accessible as a front-projection flat-panel show – interactive surfaces that work over plasma or LCD panels.

The sensible Board interactive whiteboard uses DViT (Digital Vision Touch) technology to observe and reply to bit interactions on the interactive whiteboard surface with or while not cables. This camera-based bit technology for interactive whiteboards and interactive displays uses digital cameras and proprietary software package and code to observe finger or pen contact with the screen. That contact is then understood as finger or pen activity. sensible has been mistreatment DViT technology in its interactive whiteboards since they developed the technology in 2003 and has continuing to use DViT in several product since, together with sensible Board interactive whiteboards, sensible Board interactive displays and also the sensible Table interactive learning center.Smart’s digital ink operates by mistreatment an energetic analog-to-digital converter that controls the computer input for writing capabilities like drawing or handwriting. The sensible Board interactive whiteboard uses passive pen tools, which implies that no technology is housed within the pen tool to use digital ink or confirm color. All digital ink choices are often selected  from the sensible Board Pen receptacle.

Most models of sensible Board embrace a pen receptacle on the front of the interactive whiteboard that holds 2 to four plastic pen tools associate degreed an implement. The pen tools have neither electronic elements nor ink – the technology is within the pen receptacle. once a pen tool is off from its squeeze the receptacle, associate degree optical detector acknowledges its absence. sensible Board software package processes ensuing contact with the interactive whiteboard surface as a pen action from the pen tool that resides within the corresponding slot. Older models of the sensible Board interactive whiteboard options slots for black, blue, red and inexperienced pen tools, though an impression panel are often wont to amendment the colour of the digital ink or amendment the pen tools to coloured highlighters.

Smart Boards gave birth to Smart Classes

Once a pen tool is off from its slot, users will write within the selected  color therewith pen tool, a finger, or the other object. Similarly, once the implement is off from its position within the pen receptacle, the software package processes ensuing contact with the screen as associate degree erasing action, whether or not the contact is from the implement, the user’s finger or another object. As such, the potential exists that employing a explicit pen, like the blue pen, might not end in blue digital ink if all objects – coloured pens and implement tool – haven’t been replaced in their corresponding locations on the pen receptacle. The sensible Board conjointly registers the last pen receptacle tool picked up because the active tool. this suggests that once a user picks up the black pen and so picks up the red pen before golf shot the black pen down, the interactive whiteboard can register loss, instead of black. so as to write down in black digital ink, a pen has to be surrogate within the red slot.

The sensible Board 800 series interactive whiteboard has solely 2 pens and also the color is decided by pressing a black, blue, red or inexperienced button found on the pen receptacle. Below the pen receptacle square measure 2 buttons that, once ironed, permit the user to try to to right click functions like copy, cut, paste, select all, etc., or bring-up a standard on-screen typewriter keyboard, that permits the user to sort in letters, words or numbers. These keys conjointly, once ironed, permit you to calibrate the bit screen. alternative models, like the sensible Board interactive show, embrace a black pencil tool which includes a digital eraser. not like the sensible Board, the interactive show models use active pen technology.

Many firms have since developed product that either support sensible Boards or contend with sensible Boards mistreatment similar technologies. like any illustrious product, a brand are often mis-applied to its competitors. the sooner sensible Board 600 series interactive whiteboards use resistive technology. a versatile plastic front sheet and laborious backboard square measure coated with a skinny resistive film. The resistive sides of every square measure separated by associate degree air gap of two-thousandths of an in., or concerning the dimension of 2 human hairs. Pressure applied to the surface of the front sheet closes the gap and is registered as a contact purpose. This contact purpose is then regenerate from associate degree analog signal to a serial information stream that is shipped to a pc for additional process. This technology will method contact from a finger, pen tool or any device – like a pointer.

Smart Boards gave birth to Smart Classes

Smart Notebook software package is enclosed with the sensible Board and permits users to compile notes, images, and alternative media into virtual notebooks which may be projected and altered mistreatment the sensible Board itself. sensible Product Drivers square measure needed for the sensible Board to figure properly. alternative sensible software package product, like sensible Response interactive response, the sensible Document Camera, sensible concepts concept-mapping software package, sensible Notebook maths Tools and sensible Slate wireless slate square measure designed to be used.

The sensible Board interactive whiteboard works with any program loaded or accessible on the host PC. Some applications normally used with the sensible Board square measure Microsoft PowerPoint, Excel, Word, and AutoCAD.

Content writer:Lata

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Internet addiction

Internet addiction

What is web addiction?

Internet addiction is represented as Associate in Nursing impulse management disorder, that doesn’t involve use of Associate in Nursing intoxicating drug and is extremely kind of like pathological gambling.  Some web users could develop Associate in Nursing emotional attachment to on-line friends and activities they produce on their PC screens. web users could get pleasure from aspects of the net that permit them to satisfy, socialize, and exchange ideas through the employment of chat rooms, social networking websites, or “virtual communities.” alternative web users pay endless hours researching topics of interest on-line or “blogging”.  Blogging may be a contraction of the term “Web log”, during which a private can post commentaries and keep regular chronicle of events.  It may be viewed as journaling and therefore the entries square measure primarily matter.

Similar to alternative addictions, those stricken by web addiction use the virtual phantasy world to attach with real folks through the net, as a substitution for real-life human association, that they’re unable to attain usually.

 Internet addiction
What square measure the warning signs of web addiction?

Preoccupation with the net.  (Thoughts concerning previous on-line activity or anticipation of consecutive on-line session.)
Use of the net in increasing amounts of your time so as to attain satisfaction.
Repeated, unsuccessful efforts to regulate, decrease or stop web use.
Feelings of restlessness, moodiness, depression, or irritability once making an attempt to chop down use of the net.
On-line longer than originally meant.
Jeopardized or risked loss of great relationships, job, academic or career opportunities due to web use.
Lies to relations, therapists, or others to hide the extent of involvement with the net.
Use of the net may be a thanks to shake issues or to alleviate a distressed mood.  (e.g. Feelings of despair, guilt, anxiety, depression.)

What square measure the effects?

Internet addiction ends up in personal, family, academic, financial, and activity issues that square measure characteristic of alternative addictions.  Impairments of real world relationships square measure discontinuous  as a results of excessive use of the net. people stricken by web addiction pay longer in solitary seclusion, pay less time with real folks in their lives, and square measure usually viewed as socially awkward. Arguments could result owing to the degree of your time spent on-line.  Those stricken by web addiction could commit to conceal the quantity of your time spent on-line, which ends in distrust and therefore the disturbance of quality in stable relationships.

 Internet addiction

Some stricken by web addiction could produce on-line personas or profiles wherever they’re ready to alter their identities and fake to be somebody aside from himself or herself.  Those at highest risk for creation of a secret life square measure people who suffer from low-self esteem feelings of inadequacy, and worry of disapproval.  Such negative self-concepts result in clinical issues of depression and anxiety.

Many persons World Health Organization commit to quit their web use expertise withdrawal including: loneliness, anger, boredom, depression, relief, mood swings, fear, irritability, sadness, boredom, anxiety, restlessness, procrastination, and dyspepsia.  Being dependent on the net may cause physical discomfort or medical issues such as: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, dry eyes, backaches, severe headaches, ingestion irregularities, (such as skipping meals), failure to attend to non-public hygiene, and sleep disturbance.

 Internet addiction

How will somebody get help?

The first step is to see if there’s a drag. a licensed Addictions Counselor trained in identification Associate in Nursing treatment of web addiction will effectively perform an assessment to see what level of care is most acceptable.

Content writer:Lata

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Employee satisfaction

Employee satisfaction

Employee satisfaction is that the word accustomed describe whether or not staff are happy and contented  and fulfilling their wishes and wishes at work. several measures purport that worker satisfaction may be a consider worker motivation, worker goal action, and positive worker morale within the geographic point. worker satisfaction, whereas typically a positive in your organization, also can become a sedative if mediocre staff keep as a result of they’re happy and proud of your work atmosphere. Factors conducive to worker satisfaction embrace treating staff with respect, providing regular worker recognition, empowering staff, providing on top of industry-average advantages and compensation, providing worker perks and company activities, and positive management at intervals successful framework of goals, measurements, and expectations. The important issue with worker satisfaction is that happy staff should do the work and create the contributions that the leader wants. If they do not, all that the leader will to supply AN atmosphere that satisfies staff is for naught.

Employee satisfaction

Measuring worker Satisfaction

Employee satisfaction is commonly measured by anonymous worker satisfaction surveys that area unit administered sporadically to determine worker satisfaction. In An worker satisfaction survey, worker satisfaction is checked out in areas such as: management, authorisation, communication, understanding of mission and vision, teamwork, and coworker interaction.

The aspects of worker satisfaction measured vary from company to company.

A second methodology accustomed live worker satisfaction is meeting with tiny teams of staff and asking constant queries verbally. looking on the culture of the corporate, and whether or not staff be happy to supply feedback, either methodology will contribute information concerning the degree of worker satisfaction to managers and staff. Exit interviews area unit differently to assess worker satisfaction therein happy staff seldom leave firms.

How to create worker Satisfaction Surveys productive

A satisfaction survey is employed by a company or a business to live the feeling and approval of a specific cluster of stakeholders for its services, work atmosphere, culture, or employment. Specifically, for this Human Resources website, An worker satisfaction survey is that the survey most often noted. A satisfaction survey may be a series of queries that staff answer to tell the leader concerning however they feel concerning or however they expertise their work atmosphere and culture. The form typically offers each queries that raise staff to rate a specific side of the work atmosphere and open-ended queries that enable them to precise opinions. With fastidiously chosen queries that don’t result in explicit answers, An leader will get the texture for the happiness, satisfaction, and engagement of staff. once a satisfaction survey is employed at specific intervals, like annually, An leader will track worker satisfaction over time to ascertain if it’s rising.

Employee satisfaction

Effective Satisfaction Surveys need leader Actions

If An leader decides to use a satisfaction survey, the leader should arrange to creating changes within the work atmosphere supported the worker responses to the survey. this can be very cheap line for employers World Health Organization area unit considering administering a survey to staff. The leader World Health Organization chooses to use a satisfaction survey with staff should be committed to coverage the results to staff. in addition, the leader ought to be committed to creating changes to the work atmosphere, with the assistance and involvement of staff and groups of staff. human action transparently concerning the changes, their impact, and future plans area unit all a part of a positive satisfaction survey method. while not the clear communication, results coverage, and worker updates, staff won’t trust the employer’s motives in assembling survey knowledge. Over time, staff can stop to reply or respond solely with answers that they believe the leader desires to listen to. This makes the information collected on the survey useless. The involvement of staff in rising the work atmosphere supported survey results creates an atmosphere of shared responsibility for geographic point culture and enhancements. Employers ought to avoid leading staff to believe that satisfaction at work is that the employer’s responsibility. worker satisfaction may be a shared responsibility. So, is that the response to an worker satisfaction survey.

 

Content writer:Lata

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cell-phone-danger-to-sperm

Effects of Cellphones

The impact of mobile radiation on human health could be a subject of interest and study worldwide, as a results of the big increase in mobile usage throughout the planet. Mobile phones communicate with base stations victimization radiofrequency radiation. If RF radiation is high enough, it’s a ‘thermal’ impact, which suggests it raises blood heat. There area unit issues that the low levels of RF radiation emitted by mobile phones may cause health issues like headaches or brain tumours. the quantity of cellular phone users has increased quickly. As of Dec 2014, there have been over 327.5 million cellular phone subscribers within the us, in line with the Cellular Telecommunications and web Association. this can be a virtually threefold increase from the one hundred ten million users in 2000. Globally, the quantity of subscriptions is calculable by the International Telecommunications Union to be five billion.

Effects of Cellphones

Over time, the quantity of cellular phone calls per day, the length of every decision, and also the quantity of your time individuals use cell phones have increased . However, enhancements in cellular phone technology have resulted in devices that have lower power outputs than earlier models.
Effects:
Many scientific studies have investigated potential health symptoms of mobile radiation.
1) Radiation absorption:
Part of the radio waves emitted by a mobile phonephone telephone set area unit absorbed by the body. The radio waves emitted by a GSM telephone set area unit generally below a watt.The maximum power output from a mobile is regulated by the mobile customary and by the regulative agencies in every country. In most systems the cellular telephone and also the base station check reception quality and signal strength and also the power level is increased or belittled mechanically, at intervals a particular span, to accommodate totally different things, like within or outside of buildings and vehicles.The rate at that energy is absorbed by the physique is measured by the precise Absorption Rate (SAR), and its most levels for contemporary handsets are set by governmental control agencies in several countries
2) Thermal effects:
One well-understood impact of microwave radiation is electrical phenomenon, during which any material material (such as living tissue) is heated by rotations of polar molecules elicited by the magnetism field. within the case of an individual employing a cellular phone, most of the heating impact can occur at the surface of the top, inflicting its temperature to extend by a fraction of a degree. during this case, the amount of temperature increase is Associate in Nursing order of magnitude but that obtained throughout the exposure of the top to direct daylight. The brain’s blood circulation is capable of eliminating excess heat by increasing native blood flow. However, the tissue layer of the attention doesn’t have this temperature regulation mechanism and exposure of 2–3 hours period has been reported to provide cataracts in rabbits’ eyes at SAR values from 100–140 W/kg, that made convex temperatures of forty one °C. there have been no cataracts detected within the eyes of monkeys exposed underneath similar conditions. Premature cataracts haven’t been connected with cellular phone use, probably owing to the lower power output of mobile phones.
3) Non-thermal effects
The communications protocols utilized by mobile phones typically lead to low-frequency pulsing of the carrier signal. whereas the existence of effects owing to the sphere is indisputable, whether or not these modulations area unit inflicting these effects or these area unit still of energy nature is subject to discussion.Some researchers have argued that supposed “non-thermal effects” can be reinterpreted as a standard cellular response to a rise in temperature. The German physicist Roland Donald Arthur Glaser, as an example, has argued that there area unit many sensory receptor molecules in cells, which they activate a cascade of second and third traveller systems, organic phenomenon mechanisms and production of warmth shock proteins so as to defend the cell against metabolic cell stress caused by heat. The will increase in temperature that cause these changes area unit too little to be detected by studies like REFLEX, that base their whole argument on the apparent stability of equilibrium in their cell cultures.
4) Blood–brain barrier effects
Swedish researchers from city University (Salford, Brun, Persson, Eberhardt, and Malmgren) have studied the consequences of microwave radiation on the rat brain. They found a discharge of albumen into the brain via a perforate blood–brain barrier.This confirms earlier work on the blood–brain barrier by Allan Norse deity, Oscar and Hawkins, and Prince Albert and Kerns. alternative teams haven’t confirmed these findings in vitro cell studies or whole animal studies.
5) psychological feature impact
A 2009 study, examined the consequences of exposure to radiofrequency radiation (RFR) emitted by customary GSM cell phones on the psychological feature functions of humans. The study confirmed longer (slower) response times to a spacial memory task once exposed to RFR from a typical GSM telephone placed next to the top of male subjects, and showed that longer period of exposure to RFR could increase the consequences on performance.

Effects of Cellphones

Right-handed subjects exposed to RFR on the left aspect of their head on the average had considerably longer response times in comparison to exposure to the correct aspect and sham-exposure.
6) magnetism hypersensitivity
Some users of mobile handsets have reported feeling many broad symptoms throughout and once its use; starting from burning and tingling sensations within the skin of the top and extremities, fatigue, sleep disturbances, dizziness, loss of mental attention, reaction times and memory retentiveness, headaches, malaise, arrhythmia (heart palpitations), to disturbances of the systema digestorium. Reports have noted that every one of those symptoms may also be attributed to fret which current analysis cannot separate the symptoms from nocebo effects.
7) Sleep and graphical record effects
Sleep, graphical record and waking rCBF are studied in respect to RF exposure for a decade currently, and also the majority of papers revealed so far have found some style of impact. whereas a Finnish study did not realize any impact on sleep or alternative psychological feature operate from periodical RF exposure,most alternative papers have found vital effects on sleep. 2 of those papers found the impact was solely gift once the exposure was periodical (amplitude modulated), and one early paper found that sleep quality (measured by the number of participants’ broken sleep) improved.
8) behavioral effects
A study on mice offspring steered that cellular phone use throughout physiological state could cause behavioral issues that check the consequences of syndrome.
9) spermatozoan count and spermatozoan quality
A number of studies have shown relationships between mobile phonephone use and reduced spermatozoan count and spermatozoan quality. Peer reviewed studies have shown relationships victimization applied math form techniques, controlled experiments on living humans and controlled experiments on spermatozoan outside the body.
10) activity health hazards
Telecommunication staff UN agency pay time at a brief distance from the active instrumentality, for the needs of testing, maintenance, installation, etcetera, could also be in danger of abundant larger exposure than the final population. persistently base stations don’t seem to be turned off throughout maintenance,

Effects of Cellphones

however the facility being sent through to the antennas is bring to a halt, in order that the staff don’t have to be compelled to work close to live antennas.A variety of studies over the past fifty years are done on staff exposed to high RF radiation levels; studies as well as radio detection and ranging laboratory staff, military radio detection and ranging staff, electrical staff, and amateur radio operators. Most of those studies found no increase in cancer rates over the final population or an impact cluster. several positive results may are attributed to alternative work surroundings conditions, and plenty of negative results reduced cancer rates conjointly occurred.

Content Creator : Nancy Mehta

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noble prize winners

Greatest Discoveries by Noble Prize Winners

Marie Curie
1903 honor in Physics: In recognition of the extraordinary services they need rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by prof Becquerel.Curie, at the side of her husband Curie and Becquerel, were awarded the honor in physics for his or her joint analysis on the development of radiation and for the event of the idea of radiation. She became the primary girl to be awarded a honor, her second awarded in 1911 for Chemistry.

noble prize winners

Albert Einstein
1921 honor in Physics: For his services to Theoretical Physics, and particularly for his discovery of the law of the photoelectrical impact.The brain behind the idea of theory of relativity, Einstein was awarded the 1921 prize for his discovery of the photoelectrical impact. His discovery established the actual fact that lightweight is formed from particles, that successively junction rectifier to many future inventions like tv and motion footage.

Francis Crick, James Dewey Watson and Maurice Wilkins
1962 honor in Physiology or Medicine: for his or her discoveries regarding the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for info transfer in living material.The trio discovered the molecular structure of polymer and its importance in transfer info in an exceedingly living organism.

Alexander Fleming, diagnostician and Max Ernst Chain
1945 honor in Physiology and medication: For the invention of antibiotic drug and its curative impact in numerous infectious diseases.
Alexander Fleming’s  accidental discovery of the mould known as fungus genus notatum resulted within the creation of penicillin-based antibiotics. The drug had a revolutionary impact on a series of diseases as well as T.B., gangrene, pox and plenty of alternative microorganism infections. Chain and Florey succeeded in manufacturing a pure variety of antibiotic drug that would be used pharmaceutically.

noble prize winners
Enrico Fermi
1938 honor in Physics: For his demonstrations of the existence of recent radioactive  parts made by nucleon irradiation, and for his connected discovery of nuclear reactions led to by slow neutrons.Hailed because the father of the nuclear energy, Fermi was chargeable for the creation of initial superficial self-sufficient nuclear chain reaction. In 1932, Fermi discovered that fastness of neutrons will increase their interaction rate with the nuclei and eventually made-up the approach for discovery of the many unknown radioactive  isotopes.

Sir national leader W.J. Granger
2003 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel for strategies of analyzing economic statistic with common trends . Granger’s analysis involved analyzing economic statistics of your time series data: share costs, house consumption, essentially something that changes over time and makes it tough to create applied mathematics analysis. His work modified the approach economists taken monetary knowledge and observe future changes in economic process and currencies.

Max Planck
1918 honor in Physics: In recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta.In 1900, Max Planck resolved the matter of emission of radiation by introducing the idea of quanta, that ar distinct bundles during which radiation and alternative kinds of energy occur, which radiation consists of quanta with specific energies determined by a brand new basic constant, thenceforth known as h. His discovery is nowadays thought to be the birth of natural philosophy.

noble prize winners

Ivan Petrovich physiologist
1904 honor in Physiology or Medicine: In recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through that information on very important aspects of the topic has been reworked and enlarged.The first Russian Nobel Laureate, physiologist is understood for his add conditioning. He conducted a series of experiments on a dog and deduced that humans, like dogs, ar conditioned to retort in an exceedingly sure thanks to numerous stimuli.

Otto Hahn
1944 honor in Chemistry: For his discovery of the fission of serious nuclei remarked because the father of radiochemistry, Hahn’s work was chargeable for the creation of the method to make electricity, so creating it doable to come up with power victimization energy.

John Forbes Ogden Nash son
1994 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel for his or her pioneering analysis of equilibria within the theory of non-cooperative games. bNash is understood for developing the equilibrium, Associate in Nursing equilibrium idea for non-cooperative games wherever no player has any incentive to vary their strategy when knowing the opposite person’s selections.

noble prize winners

Linus Carl Pauling
1954 honor in Chemistry: For his analysis into the character of the attractive force and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complicated substances. He won the award for his work on chemical bonds and their role in complicated substances. He additionally shed lightweight on the character of ionic and valency bonds. He was additionally a peace activist and was awarded the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize for his stand against weapons of mass destruction and also the nuclear race, changing into the sole person to be awarded 2 Nobel Prizes not shared with others.

Erwin Schrödinger
1933 honor in Physics: For the invention of recent productive kinds of atomic theory. Schrödinger’s analysis in natural philosophy junction rectifier to the differential equation that accurately calculated the energy levels of electrons in atoms. He was additionally glorious for his Schrödinger’s Cat experiment, wherever a cat might at the same time be dead or alive as a quantum superimposition.

Norman Borlaug
1970 Nobel Peace Prize: for humanitarian work. Borlaug is understood because the father of the revolution as he developed a high yielding sort of wheat within the Forties and Fifties. He then took the disease-resistant grain to countries like India and Asian country wherever the food production wasn’t at par with their increment.

noble prize winners

Hermann J. Muller
1946 honor in Physiology or medication for the invention of the assembly of mutations by suggests that of X-ray irradiation.Muller’s analysis within the Twenties well-tried that X-rays will cause mutations in Associate in Nursing organisms’ ordering. The importance of his analysis was finally recognized when the bombing of metropolis and urban center throughout war II.

Robert Robert Koch
1905 honor in Physiology or medication for his investigations and discoveries in regard to T.B..Celebrated because the father of contemporary medicine, Robert Koch conducted a series of vital studies on diseases caused by being and eventually discovered the TB bacteria in 1882. with the exception of that he additionally investigated anthrax sickness and bacterium that causes infectious disease and developed the celebrated Koch’s postulate.

Content Writer: Lata

Snake robots / Snakebot

Snake robots / Snakebot

A snakebot, conjointly called snake mechanism, could be a biomorphic hyper-redundant golem that resembles a biological snake.

Snake robots / Snakebot

Snake robots are available in several shapes and sizes, from the four stories long, earth quake snakebot developed by SINTEF, to a medical snakebot developed at Carnegie financier University that’s skinny enough to maneuver around organs within somebody’s cavum. although snakebots will vary greatly in size and style, there area unit 2 qualities that each one snakebots share. First, their tiny cross section to length quantitative relation permits them to maneuver into, and maneuver through, tight areas. Second, their ability to alter the form of their body permits them to perform a good vary of behaviours, like ascension stairs or tree trunks. to boot, several snake robots area unit made by chaining along variety of freelance links. This redundancy makes them immune to failure, as a result of they will still operate albeit elements of their body area unit destroyed. Properties like high terrainability, redundancy,and the chance of complete waterproofing of the body of the golem, create snake robots terribly fascinating for sensible applications and thus as a pursuit topic.

Snake robots / Snakebot
Snake robots are utilized in the Israel Defense Forces from 2009.Snake Robots: are you able to watch this while not squirming? A golem with the benefits of a snake? currently here’s a plan that’s actually outside the box! This innovation that uses nature for inspiration is simply one unbelievable example of biomimicry; as growing field of science at intersection of engineering, design, and biology.

First, a fast consider wherever we have a tendency to area unit going today. What is that the potential for the snake robot?
Consider the various dirty jobs that, performed by humans, endanger lives, or jobs that need access to tiny areas, areas that even standard robots, with limbs or wheels, may ne’er access. contemplate the likelihood for aiding in minimally-invasive surgery, for scrutiny of power plants, for aiding in research and rescue efforts, in archeological digs. Once one considers the various fields of labor and disciplines of study within which we have a tendency to humans area unit engaged, and therefore the variety of associated issues we have a tendency to try to unravel, it becomes clear that the snake golem features a ton of potential indeed! Let’s take somewhat trip into the longer term of this extraordinary technology. Snake robots aren’t simply fascinating creepy crawlies, they provide U.S. an opportunity to explore our world and enhance our expertise.

Snake robots / Snakebot
Why ought to we have a tendency to care?
Most significantly, inventions just like the snake golem prompt U.S. to seem to nature in our seek for solutions to our several issues. Think about it for a moment: humans are perking on, resolution issues with clever inventions since the dawn of straightforward machines just like the wheel. That’s concerning five,500 years. However Mother Nature has been barreling on, resolution each challenge Associate in Nursing organism will face on this earth for three.5 billion years! That’s plenty of analysis and development and institutional information that we will faucet into!  And that’s basically what the new field of science I discussed – referred to as Biomimicry, or in skilled circles, Biomemetics – is doing to form the globe an improved place. Snakebots area unit presently being researched as a brand new form of robotic, heavenly body probe by engineers at the independent agency Ames centre. Software package for snakebots also are being developed by independent agency for them to be able to learn by expertise the talents to scale obstacles and keep in mind the techniques.Snake robots also are being developed for search and rescue functions at Carnegie financier University’s Biorobotics research laboratory.

Content Writer : Lata

opec deal

OPEC deal

A surprise deal by major oil producers to cut output is unlikely to make a big difference to the crazy low gas prices consumers have been enjoying at the pump. Oil prices jumped more than 5% after OPEC announced the proposed cut, but shed some of those gains later.

This is not a game-changer for the oil markets said Julian Jessop, chief global economist at Capital Economics. The agreed cut is small and from an already high level of production.  The deal represents a U-turn by Saudi Arabia, which had led OPEC on a production binge to force higher cost competitors out of the market. It’s also a sign that the Saudis can work with arch rival Iran, even if they were forced to compromise by the pain of very low prices.In the recent past, we had two of our founder members who were at war. OPEC Secretary General Mohammad Barkindo told CNNMoney. I was really impressed with the way they just focused on the fundamentals and came to this historic decision. Despite the powerful symbolism of the agreement, here are the key reasons why little is likely to change soon:

opec deal
There’s already way too much oil

Oil prices collapsed over the past two years because the world has far more oil than it can consume. The International Energy Agency said this month that supply will outstrip demand well into next year.  Oil supplies and inventories remain high. And the IEA warned that despite low prices, demand is slowing in countries that were previously driving the market, such as India and China.Demand needs to gradually increase to naturally rebalance the market said Spencer Welch, an oil analyst at IHS Markit.

The OPEC deal includes Saudi Arabia, the world’s biggest oil producer that had previously refused to cut back. But it won’t rein in some of the other top crude exporters.Iran, which recently emerged from sanctions, will be allowed to raise production further. Nigeria and Libya, which have had some of their oil facilities damaged by terrorist attacks, are also being given room to pump more.  And then there’s the U.S. and Russia, which are outside the cartel.

This deal falls well short of the earlier hopes of a coordinated plan with major non-OPEC producers, especially Russia Jessop said.Indeed, the main impact may simply be to encourage another burst of drilling in the U.S. shale industry, leaving the overall balance in the global market little changed.Russia has said previously, though, that it could join any deal reached by OPEC.

opec deal
The deal may not be respected

The deal struck in Algiers is only preliminary, and uncertainty remains over whether it will be ratified at OPEC’s next formal meeting in November, according to analysts at Goldman Sachs. What’s more, the countries who agreed to an overall cut of as much as 900,000 barrels per day may not uphold their end of the bargain.It is one thing to state a maximum number, it is a whole different ball game to get agreement on how this is divided between the OPEC countries and then for each to stick to it said Welch. This is a brave strategy by OPEC to make this statement, they are risking credibility by being this open, so presumably they must be confident they can deliver.But cartel members also have a tendency to overshoot production quotas, the Goldman analysts said, adding further doubt over how much output might actually fall.

Oil prices are still really, really low

The price of oil jumped after the deal was announced, but only to a high of around $47.50 per barrel. That’s not even the highest price so far this year — and it’s still way below the $100-plus range seen in previous years. So while consumers may see a small uptick in gas prices at the pump as a result of the deal, it’s unlikely to lead to a big spike in the medium term, according to Spencer.  Crude prices have been stuck in a range of $40-$50 since April. Even if oil prices recover further to around $60 next year, as we expect, consumers should still be better off said Jessop.

opec deal

He suggested that the world may be heading for a period of goldilocks oil prices: low enough to provide a sizeable boost to spending on other goods and services, but high enough to keep the major producers afloat.

Content Writer: Lata

Has NASA changed the zodiac?

Has NASA changed the zodiac?

Over the weekend I started seeing links to articles claiming that NASA has changed the signs of the zodiac. I knew immediately what this was about, even as I was scratching my head about a) how this is news, and b) how short people’s memories are. I found a few articles about this NASA news here and there; there’s one on Yahoo that has the headlne Your Astrological Sign Just Changed, Thanks To NASA.

Has NASA changed the zodiac?

We don’t want to be dramatic, but NASA just ruined our lives. For the first time in 3,000 years, they’ve decided to update the astrological signs. This means that the majority of us are about to experience a total identity crisis. Apparently, these changes are due to the fact that the constellations are not in the same position in the sky that they once were, and the star signs are about a month off now, as a result. To further confuse things, there is now a new, 13th sign, called Ophiuchus, which those born between November 29 and December 17 are lucky enough to have to learn to pronounce.Cripes. No, no, and no. First off, NASA did not update the astrological signs. Second, the constellations haven’t changed. And third, Ophiuchus is an ancient constellation, identified by the Greeks thousands of years ago.So what’s the deal? Well, before we even get started, keep this in mind: astrology isn’t science; it’s nonsense. It’s been tested 10 ways to Sunday and every time it fails. Even astrologers have come up with tests for it, and it has failed those. Astrology doesn’t work.

Has NASA changed the zodiac?
Despite that, lots of people believe in it. That’s why I wrote a lengthy and detailed debunking of astrology. Zodiacal confusion.So what’s the deal with this recent silliness? It has to do with the zodiac. As I wrote in an article on the zodiac: The planets, including the Earth, orbit the Sun on pretty much the same plane. From the Earth, it looks like the Sun moves around us once per year. The path it takes across the sky is the same year after year, and we call this the ecliptic. The planets all move across the sky in that same path, too.So, like clockwork, the Sun passes into the same constellations at a certain time every year. You know the names of these constellations: Sagittarius, Libra, Scorpius, Aries, Gemini… the constellation of the zodiac, or, if you prefer, the zodiacal constellations. These 12 zodiacal constellations have been recognised in one way or another around the world, though most countries (and the International Astronomical Union) have adopted a modified version of them known to the ancient Babylonians and Greeks. The thing is, there are more than 12 constellations the sun can pass through. Some are smaller, or have fainter stars, so they get ignored. The biggest is Ophiuchus, the serpent-bearer, which is a huge constellation taking up quite a bit of celestial real estate, and in fact the sun spends more time in Ophiuchus than Scorpius. Scorpius has brighter stars and an obvious scorpion-like shape, so it gets better press.So no, NASA didn’t add in Ophiuchus or change the zodiac or anything like that. Ophiuchus has been around this whole time, but has been ignored by astrologers. They’re the ones who should take the blame for all this, not actual scientists who don’t even think astrology is worth wrapping fish in anyway. Worse, there aren’t really 13 zodiacal constellations. By some counts, there are as many as 21. Not only that, but Earth wobbles like a top, very slowly, and over centuries that changes the dates the sun is in a given constellation. If you were born in late March in ancient Greece, you would have been an Aries. Today, you’d be a Pisces.Given that astrology is based on all this, shouldn’t astrologers at least get their basic facts straight before trying to influence your life?

Has NASA changed the zodiac?

Not news

Finally, why is this suddenly news? This is the final irony here. This new foofaraw got started, apparently, due to an article on a NASA site for kids called SpacePlace. I like this site a lot and refer quite a few parents and teachers to it. It has simple explanations written at a level for children to understand, and it’s fun and accurate.The SpacePlace article, Constellations and the Calendar, has been around a while but was updated in January 2016, which may have caught some astrology believer’s eye. The article – well worth your time to read – talks about how the zodiac constellations are defined, and how, over time, they’ve changed. Apparently, someone didn’t read it very carefully, or didn’t understand it, and wrote that NASA had changed the zodiac.But this isn’t even the first time this sort of thing has happened. Almost exactly the same story bubbled up in 2011.

You can’t keep a good piece of pseudoscience down. It’s like a zombie, always rising again.
You know what also rises? The sun. And when it does, it’ll be because Earth is spinning, and orbiting it, and we’ll see the stars and planets and moons doing their thing. And we’ll study them with science and learn their ways, and if people who believe in astrology want to keep looking to the past, well, let ’em. As long as they promise to remember it.

Content Writer: Lata

Robotics or Artificial Intelligence

Robotics or Artificial Intelligence

Robotics is that the branch of discipline, technology and discipline that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots,as well as laptop computer systems for his or her management, sensory feedback, and information method.These technologies address automatic machines which can take the place of humans in dangerous environments or manufacturing processes, or work humans in look, behaviour, and or information. many of today’s robots ar galvanized naturally, tributary to the sphere of bio-inspired computing.The idea of constructing machines which can operate autonomously dates back to classical times, but analysis into the usefulness and potential uses of robots did not grow significantly until the 20 th century. Throughout history, it has been ofttimes assumed that robots will in some such-and-such time within the future be able to mimic human behavior associated manage tasks in an extremely human-like fashion. Today, computing may well be a rapidly growing field, as technological advances continue; researching, designing, and building new robots serve various smart functions, whether or not or not domestically, commercially, or militarily. many robots ar built to do to to jobs that ar risky to people like termination bombs, finding survivors in unstable ruins, and exploring mines and shipwrecks. computing is to boot used in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) as a instrumentality.

Robotics or Artificial Intelligence

Etymology
The word computing was derived from the word automaton, that was introduced to the overall public by Czech author Karel Capek in his play R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots), that was written in 1920.The word automaton comes from the Slavic word robota, which means labour. The play begins in associate extremely plant that produces artificial people said as robots, creatures WHO is mistaken for humans – really just like the stylish ideas of androids. Karel Capek himself did not coin the word. He wrote a quick letter in connectedness associate etymology inside the English language lexicon throughout that he named his brother Josef Capek as its actual mastermind.According to the English language lexicon, the word computing was first used in print by Asimov, in his phantasy story “Liar!”, written in would possibly 1941 in Astounding phantasy. author was unaware that he was coining the term; since the science and technology of electrical devices is physics, he assumed computing already mentioned the science and technology of robots. in an exceedingly range of Asimov’s totally different works, he states that the first use of the word computing was in his story Runaround . However, the initial publication of Liar! predates that of Runaround by ten months, that the previous is sometimes cited as a result of the word’s origin.

Robotics or Artificial Intelligence
History of computing
In 1942 the phantasy author Asimov created his three Laws of computing.In 1948 scientist developed the principles of data process, the premise of smart computing. completely autonomous robots exclusively appeared inside the 1/2 the 20 th century. the first digitally operated and programmable automaton, the Unimate, was place in in 1961 to lift hot things of metal from a die casting machine and stack them. industrial and industrial robots ar widespread of late and accustomed perform jobs extra cheaply, extra accurately and extra dependably, than humans. ar} extensively utilised in some jobs that are too dirty, dangerous, or boring to be applicable for humans. Robots ar wide used in manufacturing, assembly, packing and packaging, transport, earth and space exploration, surgery, weaponry, laboratory analysis, safety, and conjointly the assembly of purchaser and industrial product.

Robotic aspects
There area unit many types of robots; they are used in fully different.
1) Robots all have some quite mechanical construction, a frame, sort or kind designed to comprehend a particular task. as an example, a automaton designed to travel across serious dirt or mud, might use caterpillar tracks. The mechanical facet is sometimes the creator’s resolution to finishing the appointed task and addressing the physics of the atmosphere around it. sort follows operate.

Robotics or Artificial Intelligence
2) Robots have electrical parts that power and management the machinery. as an example, the automaton with caterpillar tracks would need some quite power to maneuver the hunter treads. That power comes inside the design of electricity, that is ready to wish to travel through a wire and originate from battery, a basic circuit. Even fuel hopped-up machines that get their power mainly from fuel still would like associate electrical current to begin out the combustion methodology that’s why most fuel hopped-up machines like cars, have batteries. The electrical facet of robots is utilized for movement, sensing and operation.
3) All robots contain some level of programming code. A program is but a automaton decides once or the simplest way to try and do one issue. inside the belt example, a automaton that has got to move across a muddy road might need the proper mechanical construction, and receive the proper amount of power from its battery, but would not go anywhere whereas not a program telling it to maneuver. Programs area unit the core essence of a automaton, it’s going to have marvelous mechanical and electrical construction, but if its program is poorly created its performance area unit really poor . There area unit three differing types of robotic programs: remote, applied science and hybrid. A automaton with remote programing options a pre-existent set of commands that it will exclusively perform if and once it receives a proof from an impact provide, usually somebody’s being with a remote management. it’s perhaps extra applicable to appear at devices controlled primarily by human commands as falling inside the discipline of automation rather than computing. Robots that use applied science act with their atmosphere on their own whereas not an impact provide, and would possibly verify reactions to things and problems they encounter victimization their pre-existent programming. Hybrid may well be a method of programming that features every AI and RC functions.

Content Writer: Lata

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

The fourth age,is the current trend of automation and information exchange in producing technologies. It includes cyber-physical systems, the net of things and cloud computing.The fourth age creates what has been known as a “smart factory”. inside the standard structured sensible factories, cyber-physical systems monitor physical processes, produce a virtual copy of the physical world and create redistributed selections. Over the net of Things, cyber-physical systems communicate and collaborate with one another and with humans in real time, and via the net of Services, each internal and cross-organizational services ar offered and utilized by participants of the worth chain.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution
The primary age introduced powered and mechanized production. The Second age introduced wattage and mass-production processes. The Third age introduced the medical care of technology. He then declares that currently a Fourth age is building on the Third, the digital revolution that has been occurring since the top of the last revolution. it’s characterised by a fusion of technologies that’s blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.
But here’s the rub. The terribly nature of medical care that characterizes the Third age is its ability to cut back communications, visual, auditory, physical, and biological systems, to pure data which will then be organized into huge interactive networks that operate very similar to complicated ecosystems. In alternative words, it’s the interconnected nature of medical care technology that enables United States of America to penetrate borders and blur the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres. Digitalization’s routine is interconnectivity and network building.That’s what medical care has been doing, with increasing sophistication, for many decades. this can be what defines the terribly design of the Third age.
The plunging mounted prices of digital technology, the close to zero incremental cost of utilizing it and therefore the intrinsic interconnected nature of the technology itself is what has enabled a qualitative leap in “velocity, scope, and systems impact” for the past twenty-five years.The heart of the Third age has been answerable for unleashing exponential curves, disrupting entire sectors of the economy, and making new business models for many decades, starting with the doubling of capability and therefore the halving of price of laptop chips at Intel, delivery the price of computing to close Zero incremental cost. where digital technology has unfold personal computers, cell phones, the globe Wide net, social media, information storage, digital music and video, renewable energy technology, fabricationtechnology, robotics, computer science, factor splice and factor sequencing, artificial biology, GPS chase, and currently the net of Things.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution
The peer to see nature of the net of Things platform permits a lot of disparate players tiny and medium sized businesses, social enterprises, and people to come back along and turn out and exchange product and services directly with each other, eliminating the remaining middle men that unbroken marginal prices high within the Second age. This basic technological transformation within the manner economic activity is organized and scaled portends a good shift within the flow of economic power from the few to the multitudes and therefore the democratisation of economic life.
It is vital to stress that the transition from the Second to the Third age won’t occur nightlong, but, rather, occur over thirty to forty years. several of today’s world firms can with success manage the transition by adopting the new distributed and cooperative business models of the Third age whereas continued their ancient Second age business practices. within the returning years, capitalist enterprises can seemingly notice a lot of price in aggregating and managing laterally scaled networks than in merchandising distinct merchandise and services in vertically integrated markets.
Digital interconnectivity across virtual, physical, and biological borders and across each sector of society is already difficult a number of our most cherished beliefs regarding economic, social, and political life. within the digitalized Fourth age, social capital is as important as market capital, access is as vital as possession, property supersedes consumerism, collaboration is as crucial as competition, virtual integration useful chains offers thanks to lateral economies of scale, material possession makes space for open sourcing and artistic commons licensing, value becomes less relevant, and social indicators become a lot of valuable in measurement the standard of lifetime of society, Associate in Nursingd Associate in Nursing economy supported inadequacy Associate in Nursingd profit vies with a Zero incremental cost Society wherever an increasing array of products and services ar created and shared for gratis in an economy of abundance.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution
There ar variations between a typical ancient plant and therefore the fourth age,. within the current business setting, providing high-end quality service or product with the smallest amount price is that the key to success and industrial factories try to attain the maximum amount performance as attainable to extend their profit in addition as their name. during this manner, numerous information sources ar out there to produce worthy data regarding totally different aspects of the plant. during this stage, the employment of information for understanding current operative conditions and police work faults and failures is a vital topic to analysis. e.g. in production, there ar numerous industrial tools out there to produce Overall instrumentality Effectiveness (OEE) data to plant management so as to focus on the foundation causes of issues and attainable faults within the system. In distinction, in Associate in Nursing business four.0 factory, additionally to condition watching and fault designation, elements and systems ar ready to gain cognizance and self-productiveness, which can offer management with a lot of insight on the standing of the plant. what is more, peer-to-peer comparison and fusion of health data from numerous elements provides a certain health prediction in part and system levels and force plant management to trigger needed maintenance at the simplest attainable time to succeed in just-in time maintenance and gain close to zero period

Content Creator: Nancy

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